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UN MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS INDICATORS ON PROBLEMS OF ACCESS TO ESSENTIAL MEDICINES AND ENHANCEMENT OF LOCAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCER IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Abstract

The article covers the key issues of local pharmaceutical production and ensuring of equitable access to essential medicines in the scopes of the UN «Millennium Development Goals». In particular, it presents the main activities of UN agencies, as well as the World Health Organization projects aimed at realization of human rights to health and development.

About the Authors

A. Y. Kulikov
The First MSMU named after I.M. Sechenov
Russian Federation
Laboratory of pharmacoeconomical research


A. G. Voskanyan
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
Russian Federation
Department of Comparative Politics


References

1. What are the Millennium Development Goals? URL: http://www.undp.org/mdg/basics.shtml

2. ЦРТ адаптированные для России. URL: http://www.undp.ru/index.phtml?iso=RU&lid=2&pid=2&cmd=text&id=141

3. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/

4. Международный пакт об «Экономических, социальных и культурных правах». URL: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/pactecon.shtml

5. Международные руководящие принципы ВИЧ/СПИДа и Прав Человека. URL: http://www.aids.ru/law/un/start2.shtml

6. WHO (2004) «Equitable access for essential medicine: a framework for collective action», Policy Perspectives on Medicines.

7. WHO (2011) «Local Production for Access to Medical Products: Developing a Framework to Improve Public Health».

8. «Developing Pharmacy Practice. A focus on patient care», Handbook-2006 ed., WHO, Department of Medicines Policy and Standards, Geneva.

9. Access to Medicines policy research. Geneva. Alliance for Health Policy and Systems research (2011). URL: http://www. who.int/alliance-hpsr/projects/medicines/en/index.html

10. Medicine Prices, availability and price components. Amsterdam, Health Action International, 2011. URL: http:// www.haiweb.org/medicineprices/

11. Economic Sanctions on Iraq. URL: http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Human_Rights/Iraq_Sanctions.html


For citation:


Kulikov A.Y., Voskanyan A.G. UN MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS INDICATORS ON PROBLEMS OF ACCESS TO ESSENTIAL MEDICINES AND ENHANCEMENT OF LOCAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCER IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. FARMAKOEKONOMIKA. Modern Pharmacoeconomic and Pharmacoepidemiology. 2012;5(1):33-35.

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ISSN 2070-4909 (Print)
ISSN 2070-4933 (Online)