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Comparative pharmaco-economic analysis of using enzalutamide, abiraterone and cabazitaxel in post-docetaxel castration-resistant prostate cancer patients

https://doi.org/10.17749/2070-4909.2017.10.3.012-021

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Abstract

Recently, an increase in the incidence of severe forms of prostate cancer, in particular castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) has been noticed. Treatment of CRPC patients is associated with increasing expenses and thus impacts the healthcare budgets at various levels. The aim was to study the pharmacoeconomic aspects of using enzalutamide, cabazitaxel and abiraterone for the second-line therapy of CRPC (after treatment with docetaxel) in the Russian Federation. Materials and Methods. A cost effectiveness analysis of patient management was conducted for each of the three drugs. The direct costs included the costs of visiting the doctor, the diagnostic tests and procedures, the best supportive therapy with other drugs in accordance with the standards, the treatment of adverse events, the end-of-life palliative therapy in hospital, and the costs of prescribing one of the three drugs in question. Results. The expenses for diagnosing, maintaining the treatment regimen, consulting, monitoring and nurse caring in patients with CRPC were 15-20% lower with enzalutamide compared to abiraterone and two-fold lower than that with cabazitaxel. The general assessment of direct costs without the cost of the above drugs showed that the use of enzalutamide was 10% less expensive than abiraterone and 35% less expensive than cabazitaxel. The pharmacoeconomic advantages of enzalutamide over the two other agents are supported by the «decision tree» model and by the cost/effectiveness ratio. Conclusion. The use of enzalutamide is associated with lower direct costs of care, treatment, diagnostic and supportive procedures as compared with abiraterone and cabazitaxel. 

About the Authors

N. K. Mazina
Kirov State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Mazina Nadezhda Konstantinovna – MD, PhD, Doct. Med. Sci., Professor, Head of the Department of pharmacology.

Address: ul. K. Marksa, 112, g. Kirov, Russia, 610020. 



P. V. Mazin
Kirov State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Mazin Pavel Vladimirovich – Assistant at the Department of pharmacology

Address: ul. K. Marksa, 112, g. Kirov, Russia, 610020.



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For citation:


Mazina N.K., Mazin P.V. Comparative pharmaco-economic analysis of using enzalutamide, abiraterone and cabazitaxel in post-docetaxel castration-resistant prostate cancer patients. FARMAKOEKONOMIKA. Modern Pharmacoeconomic and Pharmacoepidemiology. 2017;10(3):12-21. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17749/2070-4909.2017.10.3.012-021

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