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Experience of using telemedicine technologies in healthcare systems of foreign countries and the Russian Federation: systematic review

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Background. Today, the development and widespread use of digital technologies in medicine is considered as one of the most promising mechanisms for optimizing costs and improving the efficiency of healthcare and the quality of life of the aging society.
Objective: to study the experience of using telemedicine technologies for providing medical care in the health systems of different countries, including the Russian Federation.
Material and methods. To obtain the necessary information, an overview of the most relevant studies published in Medscape, PubMed/ MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, Scopus, eLibrary, CyberLeninka databases, World Health Organization repository and open sources from Google and Yandex search, as well as relevant regulatory documents was carried out.
Results. The experience of using telemedicine technologies for medical care in healthcare systems of different countries, including Russia, presented in the article, demonstrates both the advantages of these technologies, and the limitations for their use in healthcare.
Conclusion. Despite all the undisputed advantages of telemedicine technologies, their development should not become an end in itself. The expediency of their use in each specific case of providing medical care and exclusively as another, additional tool to improve the quality and accessibility of medical care should be considered.

About the Authors

O. A. Volkova
Research Institute for Healthcare Organization and Medical Management
Russian Federation

Oxana A. Volkova – MD, PhD, Senior Researcher, Department of Methodology for Auditing the Effectiveness of Healthcare Institutions

Scopus Author ID: 57303228100

RSCI SPIN-code: 9679-5654 

30 Bolshaya Tatarskaya Str., Moscow 115088

S. S. Budarin
Research Institute for Healthcare Organization and Medical Management
Russian Federation

Sergey S. Budarin – Dr. Econ. Sc., Head of Department of Methodology for Auditing the Effectiveness of Healthcare Institutions

Scopus Author ID: 57209879856

RSCI SPIN-code: 5113-6064 

30 Bolshaya Tatarskaya Str., Moscow 115088

E. V. Smirnova
Research Institute for Healthcare Organization and Medical Management
Russian Federation

Elena V. Smirnova – Senior Researcher, Department of Methodology for Auditing the Effectiveness of Healthcare Institutions

Scopus Author ID: 57220079563

RSCI SPIN-code: 5300-3817 

30 Bolshaya Tatarskaya Str., Moscow 115088

Yu. V. Elbek
Research Institute for Healthcare Organization and Medical Management
Russian Federation

Yulia V. Elbek – Researcher, Department of Methodology for Auditing the Effectiveness of Healthcare Institutions

Scopus Author ID: 57211849243

RSCI SPIN-code: 4315-5699 

30 Bolshaya Tatarskaya Str., Moscow 115088


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For citations:

Volkova O.A., Budarin S.S., Smirnova E.V., Elbek Yu.V. Experience of using telemedicine technologies in healthcare systems of foreign countries and the Russian Federation: systematic review. FARMAKOEKONOMIKA. Modern Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmacoepidemiology. 2021;14(4):549-562. (In Russ.)

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