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What is the role of antineoplastic drug safety in reimbursement decision making?

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Rationale. From 2014 to 2017, the portion of antineoplastic drugs dossiers submitted to reimbursement in Russia has grown from 15% to 28%. This group of drugs is characterized by severe adverse events (Aes). The question whether drug safety is taken into consideration by decision makers is still open.

Aim: To evaluate the role of drug safety in making the decision on reimbursement.

Materials and methods. The data were taken from the reports of expert committees concerning the dossiers submitted between 2014 and 2016. The year of submission, the international drug name, the total safety score and the final decision of the committee were entered into our database. Parametric and non-parametric statistics were used to calculate the difference between the mean safety scores plotted by years and by inclusion/noninclusion into VeD lists.

Results. The mean safety score for all drugs of this group was -4,67 (95% CI from -5,04 to -4,29); for the drugs included into VeD lists it was -4,05 (95% CI from -4,68 to -3,42), that was significantly higher (p = 0,01) compared to the non-included medications (-5,03; 95% CI from -5,49 to -4,58). The mean safety scores year-by-year for the non-included drugs were lower than those for the VeD-included drugs, but the difference reached significance only in 2015 (p = 0,01). The safety scores were mainly based on Aes of type A.

Conclusion. our analysis shows that the drug safety data play a role in the decision making on reimbursement and inclusion/noninclusion into VeD lists. Yet the total safety score contributes much less than other criteria in the decision making process. The safety analysis is usually based on Aes of type A, whereas the data on Aes of types C and D are insufficient. 

About the Authors

A. S. Kolbin
Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University ; Saint-Petersburg State University.
Russian Federation
Kolbin Aleksei Sergeevich – MD, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical Pharmacology and evidence-based Medicine, First Pavlov State Medical University; Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Saint-Petersburg State University.  6-8 L’va Tolstogo Str., Sankt-Peterburg 197022; 7-9 Universitetskaya emb., Sankt-Peterburg 199034.

A. A. Kurylev
Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University.
Russian Federation

Kurylev Aleksei Aleksandrovich – Assistant at the Department of Clinical Pharmacology and evidence-based Medicine, First Pavlov State Medical University. 

6-8 L’va Tolstogo Str., Sankt-Peterburg 197022.


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For citations:

Kolbin A.S., Kurylev A.A. What is the role of antineoplastic drug safety in reimbursement decision making? FARMAKOEKONOMIKA. Modern Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmacoepidemiology. 2018;11(3):38-42. (In Russ.)

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